Ugg’s scientific director, Geoff Bond, gives top tips on the Paleo feeding pattern & why it works...

‘Eating Paleo’ can mean different things to different Paleo buffs. But broadly speaking, it means feeding ourselves in the way that our evolutionary history designed for us.

After a lifetime of learnèd study, many years of which I lived in the African savannas, I arrived at a scientifically rigorous conclusion about our naturally adapted feeding patterns which I originally called “ The Savanna Model”, or “Natural Eating”. These are the same basic principles which are also known as ‘Paleo’.

They can be summarised as follows:

  1. Eat mostly ‘conforming’ plant food – lots
    1. Focus on salads, coloured vegetables and low-sugar fruits (like berries)
    2. Include tree nuts of all kinds
    3. Include conforming tubers like turnip, kohl rabi, and Jerusalem artichoke.
  2. Avoid the following non-conforming plant food. They have major drawbacks which the human organism is not designed to handle.
    1. Grains and cereals like wheat, rice, corn, oats etc. (in all their forms).
    2. Other starches – notably potato.
    3. Legumes, notably soy but also lentils, peanuts, and beans
    4. Sugars, notably table sugar, fructose and all their aliases. Honey is a sugar and should only be used frugally.
  3. Eat ‘conforming’ animal matter – some
    1. Seafood, free-range poultry, game birds, game animals.
    2. Eggs, omega-3 rich
  4. Avoid the following meats. They have a non-conforming fatty acid profile:
    1. Notably pork in all its forms but also lamb and beef
  5. Avoid dairy products – they are not human food and have major drawbacks.
    1. Notably milk, yoghurt and cheese but also all other dairy products.
  6. Focus (abstemiously) on ‘conforming’ oils and fats, e.g.
    1. Olive oil, Canola (rapeseed) oil, hemp and flax oils.
  7. Avoid ‘hostile’ oils and fats, e.g.
    1. Cream, butter, lard, trans-fats and hydrogenated fats.
    2. Omega-6 vegetable oils such as sunflower, safflower, corn, peanut etc.

This is a broad summary, but the devil is in the detail. For full guidance see my latest book.

Why would we eat Paleo? Quite simply we supply the body with a fuel that it recognizes. It functions in the way that nature intended – healthily and efficiently. When we do this we don’t trash our bodies – we don’t drive them into cancer, diabetes, heart disease, obesity, osteoporosis, and all the other major ‘diseases of civilisation’. We can lead long healthy lives in good shape right to the end!